文章摘要
徐俊超,徐韧,刘材材.平湖原油对海洋生物的急性毒性效应[J].上海海洋大学学报,2017,26(4):528-535
平湖原油对海洋生物的急性毒性效应
Acute toxic effects of Pinghu crude oil on marine organisms
投稿时间:2016-12-05  修订日期:2017-03-29
DOI:10.12024/jsou.20161201914
中文关键词: 平湖原油  水溶性组分  海洋生物  急性毒性
英文关键词: Pinghu crude oil  water-accommodated fractions  marine organism  acute toxicity
基金项目:国家重点研发计划重点专项(2016YFC1402400);海洋公益性行业科研专项经费项目(201505004-6);海洋赤潮灾害立体监测技术与应用国家海洋局重点实验室基金自助课题(MATHAB201508)
作者单位E-mail
徐俊超 上海海洋大学 海洋科学学院, 上海 201306;国家海洋局东海环境监测中心, 上海 201206;海洋赤潮灾害立体监测技术与应用国家海洋局重点实验室, 上海 201206  
徐韧 国家海洋局东海环境监测中心, 上海 201206;海洋赤潮灾害立体监测技术与应用国家海洋局重点实验室, 上海 201206 xrhyp@eastsea.gov.cn 
刘材材 国家海洋局东海环境监测中心, 上海 201206;海洋赤潮灾害立体监测技术与应用国家海洋局重点实验室, 上海 201206  
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中文摘要:
      为探究平湖原油及其水溶性组分(WAF)对海洋生物的毒性效应,分别进行了平湖原油及原油的水溶性组分(WAF)对鲻鱼、脊尾白虾、菲律宾蛤仔、缢蛏的急性毒性实验。实验结果表明,平湖原油及其WAF与鲻鱼、脊尾白虾、菲律宾蛤仔、缢蛏均存在显著的剂量-效应关系。平湖原油对鲻鱼、脊尾白虾、菲律宾蛤仔、缢蛏的96 h LC50为865 mg/L、343 mg/L、5 221 mg/L、2 441 mg/L,原油WAF对鲻鱼、脊尾白虾、菲律宾蛤仔、缢蛏的96 h LC50为1.697 mg/L、0.645 mg/L、4.535 mg/L、5.783 mg/L。
英文摘要:
      Pinghu oil and gas field submarine pipeline has ruptured in 2012 near Daishan, but related toxic test of Pinghu crude oil is less. In order to investigate the toxic effect of Pinghu crude oil and its water-accommodated fractions(WAF), the acute toxicity effects of Pinghu crude oil and its WAF on Mugil cephalus, Palaemon carincauda, Sinonovacula constricta and Ruditapes philippinarum were studied,respectively. The results showed that both of Pinghu crude oil and its WAF had significant dose-effect relationship on tested marine organisms. The 96 h LC50 values of Pinghu crude oil for Mugil cephalus, Palaemon carincauda, Sinonovacula constricta, Ruditapes philippinarum were 865 mg/L, 343 mg/L, 2 441 mg/L and 5 221 mg/L, respectively. The 96 h LC50 values of WAF for Mugil cephalus, Palaemon carincauda, Sinonovacula constricta, Ruditapes philippinarum were 1.697 mg/L,0.645 mg/L, 4.535 mg/L, 5.783 mg/L, respectively. The order of the 96h LC50 for four test organisms did not change between Pinghu crude oil and its WAF, but WAF was more toxic than crude oil.
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