文章摘要
周应祺,陈新军,张相国.有关捕捞能力量化统计方法的探讨[J].上海海洋大学学报,2000,(2):119-124
有关捕捞能力量化统计方法的探讨
Study on the measurement of fishing capacity in Chinese fisheries
  修订日期:1999-12-08
DOI:
中文关键词: 捕捞能力 量化 渔业管理 统计方法
英文关键词: fishing capacity  measurement  fisheries management
基金项目:
周应祺  陈新军  张相国
上海水产大学,上海
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中文摘要:
      文章介绍了在我国渔业统计资源中,与捕捞能力相关的项目,以及在渔业管理初中中,对捕捞能力进行宏观控制的主要指标:渔船数、主机总功率和总吨位等,还介绍了我国近海渔业中单一和复合渔业捕捞能力的量化方法,并对各种作业方式中影响捕捞能力的主要因素进行了分析,提出在量化计算时应注意的问题。本文以东、黄海底托网渔业为进行捕捞能力的修正。由于影响捕捞能力的因素很多,文章还初步得出利用灰色系统理论建立捕捞能力的综合指数的设想和可行性,以便较为全面地反映和统一量化不同渔船或多种渔业的捕捞能力,供渔业管理参考。
英文摘要:
      In this paper, the authors described the items related to the fishing capacity in the statistics data of Chinese marine fishery and indicated that the key items used for monitoring and controlling of fishing capacity are total number of fishing vessels, total engine power, total tonnage and etc. in the common practice of Chinese fisheries management. The methods for standardization of fishing effort used by Chinese fisheries scientists determining fishing capacity of the major fisheries of single and multi species in the Chinese coastal water has been described. The key parameters affecting the fishing capacity of varied fishing methods, have been analyzed in general and notices about measuring fishing capacity have been pointed out. The exercises of standardization and calculation of the fishing capacity on the bottom trawling fishery in the East China Sea and Yellow sea have been presented. Under the considerations for standardization across varied size vessels and across fisheries a comprehensive index for reflecting to the fishing capacity of varied fisheries has been proposed based on the gray system theory.
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