文章摘要
唐建业,黄硕琳.总可捕量和个别可转让渔获配额在我国渔业管理中应用的探讨[J].上海海洋大学学报,2000,(2):125-129
总可捕量和个别可转让渔获配额在我国渔业管理中应用的探讨
Discussion on the application of TAC and ITQ in Chinese fisheries management
  修订日期:1999-12-14
DOI:
中文关键词: 总可捕量 个别可转让渔获配额 渔业管理
英文关键词: total allowable catch,individual transferable quota,fisheries management
基金项目:本文系国家126专项"我国与周边国家的渔业关系及渔业资源的区域管理研究"的研究内容之一。
唐建业  黄硕琳
上海水产大学,上海
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中文摘要:
      目前世界范围内捕捞能力的迅速增加,主要传统经济鱼类资源的衰退,促进了渔业管理由传统的投入控制管理向产出控制管理转变。在此背景下,本文在分析国际上,特别是新西兰,实施TAC和ITQ的现状、实效以及存在的问题和我国周边国家实施TAC制度和我国的关系的基础上,探讨我国在实施TAC和ITQ制度的主要困难和我国实施TAC和ITQ制度的步骤,并提出我国渔业管理中应该做的一些准备工作。
英文摘要:
      In recent years, the fishing effort of the world fisheries increased rapidly and as a result, many fisheries are now facing the problem of resource depletion. Against this background, the measures for fisheries management seem to be shifted from traditional input control to output control. In this paper, the experiences of applying the TAC and ITQ in fisheries management of some countries, especially New Zealand's are analyzed. And the present situation, the effects and the existing problems of enforcing TAC and ITQ, as well as the relations between China and the neighboring countries which have already applied the TAC, were discussed. Then, based on the analysis and discussion, the main problems of applying the TAC and ITQ in Chinese fisheries management, and the probable steps of adopting them were probed.Finally, in the light of the reality of Chinese fisheries, some suggestions for the preparation of applying TAC and ITQ in Chinese fisheries were put forward.
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