文章摘要
伍汉霖,陈永豪.中国胆毒鱼类的研究[J].上海海洋大学学报,2001,(2):102-108
中国胆毒鱼类的研究
Study on the gall-bladder poisonous fishes in China
  修订日期:2001-03-05
DOI:
中文关键词: 胆毒鱼类 鲤醇 中国 鱼胆中毒
英文关键词: gall bladder poisonous fishes,cyprinol,China
基金项目:
伍汉霖  陈永豪
[1]上海水产大学鱼类研究室,上海200090 [2]上海市食品卫生监督检验所,上海200335
摘要点击次数: 533
全文下载次数: 515
中文摘要:
      在我国民间想念吞服鱼胆可治目疾,然而因吞服鱼胆面 引起的中毒,危害身体健康事件时有发生,自1964-1999年的35年中,据不完全统计吞服有毒鱼胆而中毒的人类达451人,其中死亡达83人,死亡率为18.04%,本文主要叙述鱼胆中毒的概况,胆汁有毒成分(鲤醇),动物实验,中毒症状及治疗,经动物实验及多年的调研共发现12种淡水鱼类的胆汁有毒,它们均是鲤科鱼类,从理论上阐明吞服任何鲤科鱼类的鱼胆均是危险的。
英文摘要:
      In China, people believe that ingestion of fish gall bladder may improve their visual acuity. However, poisoning cases are of frequent occurrence when people ingest fish bile. In a long term, the intoxication of fish gall bladder is seriously threatening the victims'lives and health. In the past 35 years from 1964 to 1999, according to incomplete statistics 451 persons suffered poisoning for swallowing the gall bladder of cyprinds, among which 83 resulted in death. The death rate is 18.04%. This paper deals with the introduction of the conditions on gall bladder poisonous fish in China, the components of toxic substances (cyprinol) of bile juice, the animal experiment of acute intoxication, symptom of poisoning and treatment of victims. After the animal experiments and investigation, 12 species of freshwater fishes have been found to contain toxins in their gall bladders. These species all belong to the family of Cyprinidae. These results theoretically show that it is dangerous to swallow any bile juices of cyprinids fishes.
HTML 查看全文     下载PDF阅读器
关闭