文章摘要
李强华.我国先秦哲学中的“海洋”观念探索[J].上海海洋大学学报,2011,20(5):790-795
我国先秦哲学中的“海洋”观念探索
An examination on the ocean idea in pre Qin philosophy
  
DOI:
中文关键词: 先秦哲学  海洋  观念  譬喻
英文关键词: pre Qin philosophy  ocean  idea  metaphor
基金项目:上海高校选拔培养优秀青年教师科研专项基金项目(B-8101-08-0048)
作者单位
李强华 上海海洋大学 人文学院 
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中文摘要:
      伴随我国内陆文明的不断演进,海洋文明在我国也有一定的发展。早期人们形成的海洋观念影响到中国先秦哲学体系的建构。先秦诸子通过以海譬道、以海譬人、以海譬政来阐释其哲学观点的不乏其例。以海譬道表现为海洋成为探索天道的平台,进而成为抽象哲学之道的重要物象。以海譬人主要是通过海与陆的空间存在图景的不同来区分人的认知和境界的差异,以及用海洋喻道德的培养。以海譬政是以水譬政的延伸,表现出规范统治者谦下、仁爱的政治诉求,彰显了先秦政治哲学的特色。先秦哲学中的海洋观体现了先秦海洋文化中呈现出的丰富内涵和多样化表现形式。中国先秦在“天人合一”的宇宙观中以审美的方式去认知海洋,这一点区别于西方文明源头中把海洋当成征服的对象,彰显了人与海洋的和谐以及中国早期海洋文化的特色。
英文摘要:
      With the continuous evolution of civilization in inland, ocean civilization also had certain development in China. The ancient ocean concepts affected Chinese pre Qin philosophical system construction. In the pre Qin period, the philosophers interpreted their philosophy through using ocean idea to metaphorize Tao, human, politics. They metaphorized heaven Tao and Tao from the ocean idea which became the very important platform. People used ocean idea to metaphorize human in order to distinguish the different cognition and realm. Ocean idea was also compared to moral cultivation as a parable. They used ocean idea to metaphorize politics in order to require the rulers to be benevolent and unassertive which displayed the political philosophy characteristics. The ocean idea in pre Qin reflected rich connotation and diverse forms of pre Qin ocean culture. However, the ocean became the conquered object in western civilization. Chinese in pre Qin recognized the ocean in “nature and humanity” along with aesthetic way .It showed the harmony of man and ocean and embodied the characteristics of China's early ocean culture.
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