文章摘要
王学昉,许柳雄,周成,朱国平,唐浩.中西太平洋金枪鱼围网自由鱼群捕获率与渔场温跃层特性的关系[J].上海海洋大学学报,2013,22(5):
中西太平洋金枪鱼围网自由鱼群捕获率与渔场温跃层特性的关系
The relationship between the thermocline features and the rate of fishing success for free school caught by the tuna purse seiner in the Western and Central Pacific Ocean
投稿时间:2013-03-13  修订日期:2013-05-16
DOI:
中文关键词: 中西太平洋  金枪鱼围网  鲣鱼  自由鱼群  捕获成功率  温跃层特性
英文关键词: the Western and Central Pacific Ocean  tuna purse seine fishery  Katsuwonus pelamis  free swimming school  rate of fishing success  thermocline
基金项目:国家高技术研究发展计划(863计划);国家自然科学基金项目(面上项目,重点项目,重大项目)
作者单位E-mail
王学昉 上海海洋大学 txpwxf@163.com 
许柳雄 上海海洋大学海洋科学学院 上海 lxxu@shou.edu.cn 
周成 上海海洋大学海洋科学学院 上海  
朱国平 上海海洋大学海洋科学学院 上海  
唐浩 上海海洋大学海洋科学学院 上海  
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中文摘要:
      温跃层特性与金枪鱼表层渔业的捕捞成功率有关,但温跃层特性随海域与季节的不同而变化,因此对于捕捞成功率的影响也不同。本研究分析了中西太平洋我国金枪鱼围网船队作业渔场的温跃层特性,并结合海上实测的围网沉降性能与对应的生产资料,探讨了金枪鱼围网捕获成功率与温跃层特性的关系,结果表明:(1)调查期间91.2%的网次所对应的温跃层顶界深度超过100m,温跃层顶界深度较深是该海域渔场温跃层的重要特征;(2)围网最大沉降深度的95%置信区间为[185.0, 197.8] m,渔场温跃层顶界深度的95%置信区间为[146.0, 158.3] m,网具穿越温跃层顶界后继续沉降的深度的95%置信区间为[34.3, 44.0] m;(3)相关分析表明,本研究中金枪鱼围网的捕获成功率与温跃层特性并不存在显著的相关性(P>0.05),这可能是由于当地渔场较深的温跃层顶界深度使得目标鱼种在网具到达温跃层之前拥有充分的逃逸时间和空间,从而导致温跃层内急剧变化的温度梯度失去了阻碍作用。
英文摘要:
      The thermocline features is related to fishing success of surface tuna fishery, however, the thermocline is varied with the difference of areas and seasons, so the impact of thermocline on the fishing operations is also different. The present study analyzed the thermocline features in the fishing ground of Chinese tuna purse seiner fleet operating in the Western and Central Pacific Ocean and explored the relationship between locally thermocline feature and rate of fishing success for tuna purse seiners with combining to sinking performance of purse seine measured on the sea and the correspondent fishing information. The results showed that (1) the upper depths of thermocline for 91.2 percent settings were over 100 m in the survey period, so the deeper upper depth of thermocline were the important features of thermocline in the fishing ground. (2) the 95% confidence intervals for maximum sinking depth of gear, the upper depth of thermocline, and sinking depth of purse seine within the thermocline ranged from 185.0 to 197.8 m, from 146.0 to 158.3 m and from 34.3 m to 44.0 m, respectively. (3) Correlation analysis showed that there is no significant correlation between rate of fishing success and thermocline (p>0.05), the possible reason was that the deeper upper depth of thermocline in the locally fishing ground allow targeted fish to escape in the larger space before they close to the thermocline, which result in the sharp temperature gradient of thermocline lost the effect to obstruct the fish.
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