文章摘要
田昌凤,刘兴国,张拥军,邹海生,唐 荣,杨家朋,苗 雷.池塘底质改良机的研制[J].上海海洋大学学报,2013,22(4):616-622
池塘底质改良机的研制
Development of a mechanized regulating system for pond sediment
  
DOI:
中文关键词: 底泥;池塘;太阳能  改良机
英文关键词: sediment  pond culture  solar energy  the mechanized regulating system
基金项目:“十二五”国家大宗淡水鱼类产业技术体系(CARS-46)
作者单位
田昌凤 中国水产科学研究院渔业机械仪器研究所 
刘兴国 中国水产科学研究院渔业机械仪器研究所 
张拥军 中国水产科学研究院渔业机械仪器研究所 
邹海生 中国水产科学研究院渔业机械仪器研究所 
唐 荣 中国水产科学研究院渔业机械仪器研究所 
杨家朋 中国水产科学研究院渔业机械仪器研究所 
苗 雷 中国水产科学研究院渔业机械仪器研究所 
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中文摘要:
      为了解决池塘养殖底泥大量沉积引起的水质恶化和鱼病爆发的问题,设计了一种适用于养殖期间对底质进行调控的池塘底质改良机。该机采用太阳能为系统提供动力,可将底泥搅动后提升到上层水体中再利用,并能够实现在水面有规律、可控的运动。在对整机尺寸、提水量、工作半径、光照强度、静水航速等参数进行预期设定的基础上,完成了池塘底质改良机的设计,并阐述了该机的总体机构及底泥提升装置、动力装置、水面行走装置和控制系统4大核心部件的工作原理。对池塘底质改良机的工作覆盖率、提水量、空载噪声、水面行走装置移动速度、底泥提升装置前进速度、无线遥控距离进行了测试,各项指标均满足设计要求。池塘底质改良机工作安全可靠,能够促进底质营养盐的释放,达到调控底泥的目的。
英文摘要:
      In order to solve the problem of a large amount of pond sediment deposition, which caused water deterioration and fish disease outbreak, a mechanized regulating system for pond sediment during pond culture was designed. Solar energy was used to provide power to the systems. The sediment was lifted to upper water and reused again. The routing of the mechanized regulating system was regular and controllable at water surface. Based on the predetermination of capacity of water flow, working radius, light intensity, still water speed and other parameters, the design of mechanized regulating system was accomplished. The overall structure and working principle of four core parts were described, which was composed of lifting device for sediment, power plant, traveling mechanism and control system . The mechanized regulating system’s working coverage, water flow, empty noise, speed of traveling mechanism, traveling speed of lifting device for sediment, distance of remote control by wireless were tested,and every indicator can meet design requirements. The results showed that the mechanized regulating system for pond sediment was safe and reliable, which can release the nutrients of sediment and reuse the sediment.
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