文章摘要
王文琳,杨耿介,李乐洲,孙亚慧,王玉龙,周玮.3种水质调控方式对参池底泥异养菌和弧菌数量的比较[J].上海海洋大学学报,2022,31(4):961-971.
WANG Wenlin,YANG Genjie,LI Lezhou,SUN Yahui,WANG Yulong,ZHOU Wei.Comparison of three water quality control methods on heterotrophic bacteria and vibrio in the sediment of sea cucumber farming pond[J].Journal of Shanghai Ocean University,2022,31(4):961-971.
3种水质调控方式对参池底泥异养菌和弧菌数量的比较
Comparison of three water quality control methods on heterotrophic bacteria and vibrio in the sediment of sea cucumber farming pond
投稿时间:2021-03-30  修订日期:2021-06-03
DOI:10.12024/jsou.20210303360
中文关键词: 海参  养殖池塘  水质调控方式  异养菌  弧菌
英文关键词: sea cucumber  aquaculture pond  water quality control mode  heterotrophic bacteria  vibrio
基金项目:辽宁省科学计划(2018104009);辽宁省“兴辽英才”项目(XLYC1808029);大连市第二批领军人才资助项目(2018104009);大连市重点领域创新团队支持计划项目(2019RT11)
作者单位E-mail
王文琳 大连海洋大学 水产与生命学院, 辽宁 大连 116023  
杨耿介 大连海洋大学 水产与生命学院, 辽宁 大连 116023  
李乐洲 大连海洋大学 水产与生命学院, 辽宁 大连 116023  
孙亚慧 大连海洋大学 水产与生命学院, 辽宁 大连 116023  
王玉龙 大连海洋大学 水产与生命学院, 辽宁 大连 116023  
周玮 大连海洋大学 水产与生命学院, 辽宁 大连 116023 zhouwei@dlou.edu.cn 
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中文摘要:
      为探究不同水质调控方式对海参养殖池塘(以下简称参池)底泥异养菌和弧菌数量的影响,选择3类参池,分别是自然纳潮管理方式下的海参养殖池塘(以下简称自然池塘)、配备微孔曝气增氧机的海参养殖池塘(以下简称微孔曝气池塘)和配备养水机设备的海参养殖池塘(以下简称养水机池塘),对参池底泥中异养菌和弧菌数量的周年变化进行检测。结果表明,各参池中底泥异养菌数量分别为:自然池塘94 400~377 625 cfu/g,微孔曝气池塘62 633~247 309 cfu/g,养水机池塘115 037~273 071 cfu/g,其中:自然池塘1月最高,3月最低;微孔曝气池塘5月最高,6月最低;养水机池塘4月最高,8月最低。各参池中底泥弧菌数量分别为自然池塘0~3 291 cfu/g,微孔曝气池塘35~5 412 cfu/g,养水机池塘0~3 037 cfu/g,各参池均呈“春季高,冬季低”的变化特征。弧菌与异养菌数比值在4、5月份相对较高,在2月份较低。通过实验初步比较不同水质调控方式对参池底质微生物数量的影响,为改善参池底质及探究微生物的变化提供理论依据。
英文摘要:
      In order to explore the influence of different water quality control methods on the number of heterotrophic bacteria and vibrio in the bottom mud of sea cucumber farming ponds, three types of sea cucumber farming ponds, namely sea cucumber farming ponds under natural tide management (hereinafter referred to as natural ponds), sea cucumber farming ponds equipped with microporous aeration aerators (hereinafter referred to as microporous aeration ponds) and sea cucumber farming ponds equipped with water quality regulator ponds (hereinafter referred to as water quality regulator ponds) were selected. The annual changes in the number of heterotrophic bacteria and vibrio in the bottom mud of sea cucumber farming ponds were detected. The results showed that the number of heterotrophic bacteria in the bottom mud of sea cucumber cultivation ponds was 94 400-377 625 cfu/g in natural ponds, 62 633-247 309 cfu/g in microporous aeration ponds, and 115 037-273 071 cfu/g in water quality regulator ponds, of which natural ponds are highest in January and lowest in March, microporous aerated ponds are highest in May and lowest in June, and water quality regulator ponds are highest in April and lowest in August. The number of vibrio in the bottom mud in the sea cucumber culture ponds was 0-3 291 cfu/g in natural ponds, 35-5 412 cfu/g in microporous aeration ponds, and 0-3 037 cfu/g in water quality regulator ponds. All sea cucumber farming ponds showed the characteristics of "highest in spring and the lowest in winter". The ratio of vibrio to heterotrophic bacteria was relatively higher in April and May, and lower in February. Preliminary experiments are conducted to compare the effects of different water quality control methods on the number of microorganisms in the bottom of sea cucumber farming ponds, and provide a theoretical basis for improving the bottom quality of sea cucumber farming ponds and exploring microbial changes.
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