文章摘要
齐自元,胡钰梅,曹欢,刘海泉,谢庆超,赵勇.中华绒鳌蟹不同可食组织砷元素分布特征分析[J].上海海洋大学学报,2022,31(4):1005-1015.
QI Ziyuan,HU Yumei,CAO Huan,LIU Haiquan,XIE Qingchao,ZHAO Yong.Specification characteristics of arsenic in different edible tissues of Eriocheir sinensis[J].Journal of Shanghai Ocean University,2022,31(4):1005-1015.
中华绒鳌蟹不同可食组织砷元素分布特征分析
Specification characteristics of arsenic in different edible tissues of Eriocheir sinensis
投稿时间:2021-07-25  修订日期:2021-11-01
DOI:10.12024/jsou.20210703513
中文关键词: 中华绒鳌蟹  总砷  水溶性砷  脂溶性砷  分布特征
英文关键词: Eriocheir sinensis  total arsenic  water-soluble arsenic  fat-soluble arsenic  distribution characteristic
基金项目:国家重点研发计划(2018YFC1602205);上海市科学技术委员会上海市“科技创新行动计划”农业领域项目(19391901600);上海市科技兴农项目(沪农科推字〔2017〕第4-4号);上海市教育委员会科研创新计划(2017-01-07-00-10-E00056)
作者单位E-mail
齐自元 上海海洋大学 食品学院, 上海 201306  
胡钰梅 上海海洋大学 食品学院, 上海 201306  
曹欢 上海海洋大学 食品学院, 上海 201306  
刘海泉 上海海洋大学 食品学院, 上海 201306  
谢庆超 上海海洋大学 食品学院, 上海 201306
农业农村部水产品贮藏保鲜质量安全风险评估实验室, 上海 201306 
 
赵勇 上海海洋大学 食品学院, 上海 201306
农业农村部水产品贮藏保鲜质量安全风险评估实验室, 上海 201306
上海水产品加工及贮藏工程技术研究中心, 上海 201306 
yzhao@shou.edu.cn 
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中文摘要:
      为了解中华绒鳌蟹(Eriocheir sinensis)不同可食组织(性腺、肝胰腺、体肉、腿肉、钳肉)总砷含量、水溶性砷形态、脂溶性总砷含量分布特征,分别采用电感耦合等离子体质谱法和高效液相色谱-电感耦合等离子体质谱联用技术分析中华绒螯蟹不同可食组织总砷、水溶性砷形态和脂溶性总砷含量。结果表明:在雌蟹中总砷均值含量呈现性腺>肝胰腺>体肉、腿肉>钳肉的趋势,且有显著差异;在雄蟹中总砷均值含量呈现肝胰腺>体肉、腿肉>钳肉、性腺的趋势,且有显著差异;雌蟹和雄蟹不同可食组织总砷含量随体质量的增大呈逐渐升高的趋势,8个省份中华绒鳌蟹成蟹性腺和肝胰腺中总砷含量处于相对稳定的水平。在肌肉组织中6种水溶性砷的百分比为83.3%~99.6%,性腺和肝胰腺组织中6种水溶性砷的百分比为18.8%~51.8%,肌肉组织与性腺、肝胰腺组织中水溶性砷百分比有显著差异。在性腺(雌)和肝胰腺(雌、雄)组织中脂溶性总砷的百分比为14.3%~72.6%,3个组织脂溶性总砷百分比均值无显著差异,3个组织脂肪中总砷含量与相应组织总砷含量呈正相关性,与相应组织脂肪含量无正相关性。可见,中华绒鳌蟹不同可食组织总砷含量存在差异性,水溶性砷是肌肉组织中砷的主要形态,砷甜菜碱(AsB)是水溶性砷的主要成分,在性腺(雌)和肝胰腺组织中存在一定量的脂溶性砷。
英文摘要:
      In order to understand the distribution characteristics of total arsenic content, water-soluble arsenic species, and fat-soluble total arsenic content in different edible tissues (gonads, hepatopancreas, body meat, leg meat, clamp meat) of Eriocheir sinensis,inductively coupled plasma mass spectrometry and high performance liquid chromatography-inductively coupled plasma mass spectrometry were used to analyze the content of total arsenic, water-soluble arsenic species and fat-soluble total arsenic in different edible tissues of Eriocheir sinensis. The results showed:that the average content of total arsenic in female crabs showed a trend of gonadal>hepatopancreas>body and leg meat>clamp meat, and there was a significant difference; the average content of total arsenic in male crabs showed a trend of hepatopancreas>body, leg meat>clamp meat and gonads, and there were significant differences; the total arsenic content of different edible tissues of female and male crabs gradually increases with the increase of body weight, and the total arsenic content in the adult gonads and hepatopancreas of Eriocheir sinensis in 8 provinces is at a relatively stable level. the percentage of the 6 water-soluble arsenic in muscle tissue is 83.3%-99.6%, and the percentage of the 6 water-soluble arsenic in gonad and hepatopancreas tissue is 18.8%-51.8%, there was a significant difference in the percentage of water-soluble arsenic in muscle tissue and gonad, hepatopancreas tissue.The percentage of total fat-soluble arsenic in the gonadal (female) and hepatopancreas (female, male) tissues ranged from 14.3% to 72.6%, and there was no significant difference in the average percentage of total fat-soluble arsenic in the three tissues. The total arsenic content in the fat of the three tissues was positively correlated with the total arsenic content of the corresponding tissues, but there was no positive correlation with the percentage of the corresponding tissue fat. It can be seen that there are differences in total arsenic content in different edible tissues of Eriocheir sinensis, water-soluble arsenic is the main form of arsenic in muscle tissue, and arsenic betaine (AsB) is the main component of water-soluble arsenic, there is a certain amount of fat-soluble arsenic in the gonadal (female) and hepatopancreas tissues, there are no reports on the types, metabolism, potential toxicity and sources of fat-soluble arsenic in Eriocheir sinensis.
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