文章摘要
刘军,戴习林,臧维玲.凡纳滨对虾温棚高位池养殖密度及简易水质调控措施效果研究[J].上海海洋大学学报,2016,25(2):189-197.
LIU Jun,DAI Xilin,ZANG Weiling.Research of breeding density and water quality control measures in Litopenaeus vannamei greenhouse high-intensive ponds[J].Journal of Shanghai Ocean University,2016,25(2):189-197.
凡纳滨对虾温棚高位池养殖密度及简易水质调控措施效果研究
Research of breeding density and water quality control measures in Litopenaeus vannamei greenhouse high-intensive ponds
投稿时间:2015-05-04  修订日期:2015-08-02
DOI:10.12024/jsou.20150501431
中文关键词: 温棚  高位池  凡纳滨对虾  养殖密度  水质指标  调控措施
英文关键词: greenhouse  high-intensive ponds  Litopenaeus vannamei  breeding density  water quality  control measures
基金项目:上海市科委地方院校能力建设专项(13320501900)
作者单位E-mail
刘军 上海海洋大学 水产与生命学院, 上海 201306  
戴习林 上海海洋大学 水产与生命学院, 上海 201306 xldai@shou.edu.cn 
臧维玲 上海海洋大学 水产与生命学院, 上海 201306  
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中文摘要:
      当前凡纳滨对虾为我国对虾海淡水养殖的重要品种,温棚高位池是其在浙江宁波地区重要的养殖方式,研究养殖密度与水质调控技术是推广该养殖方式的当务之急。通过第一茬70 d生产性养殖实验,探讨了早春温棚高位池养殖密度对水质、对虾生长与养殖效果的影响。结果表明:早春温棚高位池高密度(315、375 ind/m2)养殖效果良好,单位水体产量分别为1.54 kg/m2与1.32 kg/m2。两种密度水平下,虾生长与养殖效果无显著差异(P>0.05),主要水质指标也无显著性差异(P>0.05),NH3-Nm(0.058~0.081 mg/L)与NO2--N(0.001~4.290 mg/L)等控制在对虾安全生长范围内。控制换水量与投饵量、启用增氧机等简易措施均可使主要水化指标不同程度改善,换水量20%使TAN与CODMn显著降低34.7%与29.9%(P<0.05),增氧机启动2 h可使溶解氧增加11.8%~29.4%。300 ind/m2养殖密度在温棚高位池养殖中是可行的,通过简易水质调控措施能够较好地调控水质,这为其推广提供了可能。
英文摘要:
      Currently Litopenaeus vannamei play an important role in shrimp culture industry,greenhouse high-intensive ponds was an important farming method in Ningbo, Zhejiang. Research on stocking density and water quality control technology is imperative to promote the farming method.Through the first crop of 70 days breeding experiments we found that the result is good about using high density (315 ind/m2, 375 ind/m2) breeding, the yields were 1.54 kg/m2 and 1.32 kg/m2, respectively. Significant difference was no observed on the effects of the growth and breeding of shrimp in the two level of breeding density, and then no significant difference was observed in the water quality indexes, NH3-Nm(0.058-0.081 mg) and NO2--N(0.001-4.290 mg/L) were controlled in the normal range. Main water quality indexes was improved by changing the amount of water, controlling the feed, using aerator and probiotics. TAN and CODMn was significantly decreased 34.7% and 29.9%, when the quantity of exchanged water was reached 20%, and increased 11.8%-29.4% DO in using aerators 2 hours later. Seedling densities greater than 300 ind /m2 are feasible in greenhouse high-intensive ponds, and water quality can be regulated by a simple control measures, this would promote greenhouse high-intensive ponds culturing Litopenaeus vannamei.
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