文章摘要
王亚威,姜晓东,吴旭干,何杰,刘青,王幼鹏,成永旭.中华绒螯蟹二龄早熟和晚熟群体选育第三代在扣蟹阶段的养殖性能评价[J].上海海洋大学学报,2016,25(5):668-674.
WANG Yawei,JIANG Xiaodong,WU Xugan,HE Jie,LIU Qing,WANG Youpeng,CHENG Yongxu.The evaluation of culture performance of the second-year early-maturing and late-maturing strains of the third selevtive generation during the juvenile culture of Chinese mitten crab (Eriocheir sinensis)[J].Journal of Shanghai Ocean University,2016,25(5):668-674.
中华绒螯蟹二龄早熟和晚熟群体选育第三代在扣蟹阶段的养殖性能评价
The evaluation of culture performance of the second-year early-maturing and late-maturing strains of the third selevtive generation during the juvenile culture of Chinese mitten crab (Eriocheir sinensis)
投稿时间:2016-02-06  修订日期:2016-05-16
DOI:10.12024/jsou.20160201653
中文关键词: 中华绒螯蟹  遗传选育  二龄性成熟时间  扣蟹阶段  养殖性能
英文关键词: Chinese mitten crab  mass selective breeding  gonad maturation time of second year culture  juvenile crab culture stage  culture performance
基金项目:国家高技术研究发展计划(2012AA10A409-5);科技部科技型中小企业技术创新项目(14C26213201214);上海市农委科技兴农推广项目(沪农科推字(2015)第1-7号);上海高校水产学高峰学科建设项目(2015-62-0908)
作者单位E-mail
王亚威 上海海洋大学 水产种质资源发掘与利用教育部重点实验室, 上海 201306  
姜晓东 上海海洋大学 水产种质资源发掘与利用教育部重点实验室, 上海 201306  
吴旭干 上海海洋大学 水产种质资源发掘与利用教育部重点实验室, 上海 201306
江苏省宿迁旭邦水产科技有限公司, 江苏 泗洪 223900 
 
何杰 上海海洋大学 水产种质资源发掘与利用教育部重点实验室, 上海 201306  
刘青 上海海洋大学 水产种质资源发掘与利用教育部重点实验室, 上海 201306
水产动物遗传育种上海市协同创新中心, 上海 201306 
 
王幼鹏 江苏省宿迁旭邦水产科技有限公司, 江苏 泗洪 223900  
成永旭 上海海洋大学 水产种质资源发掘与利用教育部重点实验室, 上海 201306
水产动物遗传育种上海市协同创新中心, 上海 201306 
yxcheng@shou.edu.cn 
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中文摘要:
      采用群体选育、养殖实验和定期采样的方法,比较了中华绒螯蟹二龄早熟和晚熟选育群体第三代(G3)和非选育群体在扣蟹阶段的生长、成活率、平均体质量、体质量分布比例和产量,结果显示:(1)二龄早熟雌体在7-8月和9-10月的增重率(WGR)及特定增长率(SGR)显著高于二龄晚熟雌体(P <0.05);无论雌体还是雄体,二龄晚熟群体在7-10月总体生长速度显著低于对照组(P <0.05),整个实验期间3群体的生长速度大小顺序为:对照组> 早熟G3> 晚熟G3(P> 0.05);(2)二龄早熟和晚熟群体G3在扣蟹阶段的成活率接近,但二龄晚熟群体的成活率显著高于对照组扣蟹;二龄早熟群体G3最终扣蟹平均体质量显著高于晚熟扣蟹,对照组居于两者之间,3组扣蟹产量高低顺序为:早熟G3> 晚熟G3> 对照组;(3)就扣蟹体质量分布而言,3群体扣蟹体质量主要集中于小于3 g和3~6 g这两个体质量范围内,晚熟G3在小于3 g和3~6 g两个体质量范围内比例最高。综上,二龄早熟群体G3在扣蟹阶段具有生长速度快、扣蟹平均体质量大和单产高的优点,二龄晚熟群体G3在扣蟹阶段的成活率显著高于对照组,两选育群体G3在扣蟹养殖上均具有一定的优良性状。
英文摘要:
      The extension of maturing time of second-year Eriocheir sinensis is one of the important breeding goals, and the early-maturing (EM) and late-maturing (LM) of second-year E. sinensis have been mass selected to the third generation (G3), but their juvenile culture performance is not evaluated to date. Therefore, this study was designed to compare the culture performance of EM, LM and non-selective populations (as the control) during the juvenile culture stage of E. sinensis based on the methods of selective breeding, culture experiments and regular sampling. The results showed that: (1) The females of EM had the significantly higher weight gain rate (WGR) and specific growth rate (SGR) than those of LM during the periods of Jul. to Aug. and Sep. to Oct. (P<0.05). Despite of males or females, the WGR of LM was significantly lower than that of control treatment during the period of Jul. to Oct. (P<0.05), and the order of WGR for three populations was control > EM > LM throughout the experiment(P> 0.05). (2) The similar survival was detected between EM and LM juveniles, however, the significantly higher survival was found in LM than the control treatment; The final mean weight of EM was significantly higher than that of LM juveniles, and the final body weight of control treatment was between EM and LM; In harvest, the juvenile production order of the three populations was EM> LM> control. (3) As for the size distribution of juvenile crabs, the body weight of most juveniles were concentrated on the ranges of 0-3 g and 3-6 g, and LM had the highest percentages in those two ranges. In conclusion, EM population showed the faster growth than the other two populations, resulting in the greater final average body weight and higher yield during juvenile crab culture stage, and LM had the significantly higher survival than control treatment; therefore, two selective populations of E. sinensis have their good traits during the juvenile culture stage.
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