文章摘要
叶林安,王莉波,江志法,鲁水,朱志清,李冬玲.2015年东海区营养盐的分布变化特征[J].上海海洋大学学报,2017,26(3):432-439.
YE Linan,WANG Libo,JIANG Zhifa,LU Shui,ZHU Zhiqing,LI Dongling.Seasonal variations of distribution characteristics of nutrients in the East China Sea in 2015[J].Journal of Shanghai Ocean University,2017,26(3):432-439.
2015年东海区营养盐的分布变化特征
Seasonal variations of distribution characteristics of nutrients in the East China Sea in 2015
投稿时间:2016-08-20  修订日期:2017-03-21
DOI:10.12024/jsou.20160801846
中文关键词: 东海区  分布特征  无机氮  磷酸盐  硅酸盐
英文关键词: East China Sea  distribution characteristics  inorganic nitrogen  phosphate  silicate
基金项目:国家海洋局公益专项项目(200905012-2号);海洋赤潮灾害立体监测技术与应用国家海洋局重点实验室开放研究基金(MATHHAB20120308);浙江省自然科学基金(LY17D060001)
作者单位
叶林安 国家海洋局宁波海洋环境监测中心站, 浙江 宁波 315040 
王莉波 国家海洋局宁波海洋环境监测中心站, 浙江 宁波 315040 
江志法 国家海洋局宁波海洋环境监测中心站, 浙江 宁波 315040 
鲁水 国家海洋局宁波海洋环境监测中心站, 浙江 宁波 315040 
朱志清 国家海洋局宁波海洋环境监测中心站, 浙江 宁波 315040 
李冬玲 宁波大学 地理与空间信息技术系, 浙江 宁波 315211 
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中文摘要:
      利用 2015 年春(5月)、夏(8月)、秋(11月)、冬(2月)4个季节在东海区标准断面调查所得的资料,通过对5项营养盐综合分析研究了营养盐表层、10 m层、底层的含量变化及其随季节的分布特征,并对其变化规律和影响因素等进行探讨分析。研究表明:无机氮、磷酸盐及硅酸盐含量均值最高都在底层,几乎都呈现由表层至底层逐渐升高趋势。2015年东海区营养盐分布具有明显的季节变化,对于磷酸盐和无机氮的含量表现为冬季 > 秋季 > 夏季 > 春季,硅酸盐的含量表现为夏季 > 冬季 > 秋季 > 春季。东海营养盐主要来源于长江冲淡水,往往受长江冲淡水和台湾暖流同时控制,浓度大体呈现自西向东递减的变化趋势。
英文摘要:
      A survey of seasonal distribution characteristics of nutrients in the East China Sea standard sections was carried out in 2015. Based on the survey data in four seasons from East China Sea standard sections (mean values in May, August, November and February represent values in spring, summer, autumn and winter, respectively), seasonal distribution characteristics and variations in contents of five nutrients at the surface, at the depth of 10 m and at the bottom were comprehensively analyzed. The main impact factors were also discussed in this paper. The results show that the highest inorganic nitrogen, phosphate and silicate contents occurred at the bottom of the content, almost with an increasing trend from surface to the bottom. In the East China Sea in 2015, the distribution of nutrients has obvious seasonal variations, and phosphate content and inorganic nitrogen content are higher in autumn and winter than those in spring and summer. Silicate content is higher in summer and winter than that in autumn and spring. The main source of nutrients in the East China Sea is the Changjiang river diluted water, and the Taiwan Warm Current also carries a portion of nutrients into the East China Sea. The combined effect of the Changjiang river diluted water and Taiwan Warm Current makes the nutrients concentration in East China Sea decrease from west to east.
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