文章摘要
苏胜彦,盘文静,张希昭,黄才姬,张成锋,唐丹,徐跑.饥饿循环处理对黄河鲤新品系幼鱼补偿生长性能的影响[J].上海海洋大学学报,2017,26(5):699-705.
SU Shengyan,PAN Wenjing,ZHANG Xizhao,HUANG Caiji,ZHANG Chengfeng,TANG Dan,XU Pao.Effects of cycle of starvation-refeeding on the compensatory growth performance of Cyprinus carpio haematopterus new strain juveniles[J].Journal of Shanghai Ocean University,2017,26(5):699-705.
饥饿循环处理对黄河鲤新品系幼鱼补偿生长性能的影响
Effects of cycle of starvation-refeeding on the compensatory growth performance of Cyprinus carpio haematopterus new strain juveniles
投稿时间:2017-03-09  修订日期:2017-05-12
DOI:10.12024/jsou.20170301975
中文关键词: 特定生长率  补偿生长  饥饿  黄河鲤新品系幼鱼
英文关键词: specific growth rate  compensatory growth  starvation  juvenile Cyprinus carpio haematopterus new strain
基金项目:中国水产科学研究院基本科研业务费(2016RC-LX03);“十二五”科技支撑计划(2012BAD26B02);中国水产科学研究院淡水渔业研究中心基本科研业务费(2015JBFM09)
作者单位E-mail
苏胜彦 南京农业大学 无锡渔业学院, 江苏 无锡 214081
中国水产科学研究院淡水渔业研究中心 农业部淡水渔业与种质资源利用重点实验室, 江苏 无锡 214081 
 
盘文静 南京农业大学 无锡渔业学院, 江苏 无锡 214081  
张希昭 南京农业大学 无锡渔业学院, 江苏 无锡 214081  
黄才姬 南京农业大学 无锡渔业学院, 江苏 无锡 214081  
张成锋 中国水产科学研究院淡水渔业研究中心 农业部淡水渔业与种质资源利用重点实验室, 江苏 无锡 214081  
唐丹 南京农业大学 无锡渔业学院, 江苏 无锡 214081  
徐跑 南京农业大学 无锡渔业学院, 江苏 无锡 214081
中国水产科学研究院淡水渔业研究中心 农业部淡水渔业与种质资源利用重点实验室, 江苏 无锡 214081 
xup@ffrc.cn 
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中文摘要:
      为探究黄河鲤新品系幼鱼在饥饿-饱食循环状态下的生长补偿特点,选用初始均质量(23.44±3.21)g的黄河鲤幼鱼360尾,随机分成4个实验组,每个实验组3个重复,每个重复30尾鱼,分别按处理组A组:饥饿5 d(S5)饱食20 d(F20);B组:S7-F28;C组:S15-F60;对照组Con:F75的投喂方案饲养,养殖实验为75 d。研究表明:(1)经过不同时长的饥饿,在恢复饱食投喂阶段,A组的特定生长率(SGR)为1.70%,显著高于B组的1.08%、C组的0.87%以及对照组Con的0.60%;(2)在饥饿阶段,3个处理组A、B、C的体长特定生长率(SGRL)显著低于对照组Con;当恢复投喂后,A组、B组的SGRL则显著高于C组和对照组Con;(3)在饥饿阶段,A组的肥满度特定生长率(SGRK)显著低于B组、C组和对照组Con,但在恢复投喂阶段,却显著高于B组、C组和对照组Con。(4)处理组A节省饲料率为8.7%,较另外两个处理组高。由试验结果可以看出,饥饿5 d饱食20 d循环3次的投喂方式能激发幼鱼产生部分补偿生长效应,且饲料投喂量最少。
英文摘要:
      In order to explore characteristics of compensatory growth of juvenile Cyprinus carpio haematopterus new strain in cycle of starvation-feeding, we chose 360 juveniles with the initial mean weight of (23.44±3.21) g, and divided them into 4 groups randomly, each group was set to 3 repeats containing 30 individuals. Fish were fed in four feeding schedules as follows: Starvation A:5 days starvation (S)-20 days feeding (F)-5 S-20 F-5 S-20 F; Starvation B: 7 S-28 F-7 S-33 F; Starvation C: 15 S-60 F; Control group Con: 75 F. The experiment lasted 75 days. The results show that: (1) In the recovery of satiation period after starvation, the specific growth rate (SGR) of the A group was 1.70%, significantly higher than that of the group B of 1.08%, group C of 0.87% and Con of 0.60%; (2) During the starvation period, the specific growth rate of body length (SGRL) of three treatment groups was significantly lower than that of the Con, but significantly higher than Con after refeeding. (3) At the starvation period, the specific growth rate of condition factor K (SGRK) of group A was significantly lower than those in the group B, C and Con, but significantly higher after the satiation period. (4) the feed rate of A in the treatment group was 8.7%, higher than the other two groups. Based on the SGR as the main evaluation index, the results indicated that the way 5 days starvation (S)-20 days feeding (F) can arouse juvenile Cyprinus carpio new strain to have partially compensatory growth effect and save 8.7% of the feed consumption.
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